Conference. Criminal Governance in Comparative Perspective

Friday, February 16, 2018 to Saturday, February 17, 2018
Sulzberger Parlor, 3rd floor Barnard Hall

Please join us for a conference at Barnard College on criminal governance in comparative perspective.

Does the presence of criminal organizations always lead to insecurity, violence, and disorder? The premise of this conference is that criminal organizations engage in surprisingly diverse forms of institution building that produce equally different forms of governance. Criminal governance challenges many of our core assumptions about the underpinnings of democracy, the nature of the State, and the conditions that produce order and development. During the conference a diverse group of scholars will present cutting-edge research on the ways that criminal groups govern territories, economies, communities, and political processes. Panels will focus on the origins, dynamics, and consequences of governance by mafias, gangs, drug trafficking organizations and other criminal groups in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and North America.

To RSVP, please contact Professor Eduardo Moncada (emoncada@barnard.edu).

This event is supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. It is part of our Russian Studies & Policy event series.

EVENT SPONSORS

Office of the Provost, Barnard College, Columbia University

The Alliance Program

The Weatherhead East Asian Institute

Institute of Latin American Studies

The Harriman Institute

PROGRAM
Friday, February 16, 2018 - Sulzberger Parlor, Barnard Hall
9:05am-9:15am Welcoming Remarks

Provost Linda Bell, Barnard College

9:15am-9:25am Conference Rationale and Objectives

Eduardo Moncada, Barnard College

9:25am-11:00am Panel 1: Criminal Groups and Governance: Concepts, Measurements and Maps

Chair: Eduardo Moncada, Barnard College

Organised Crime in the UK: Illegal Governance of Markets and Communities
Federico Varese, University of Oxford

The Structuring of Criminal Activities: A Case Study
Claudio Beato, Federal University of Minas Gerais

Discussants: Angelica Duran Martinez, University of Massachusetts-Lowell; Paul Lagunes, Columbia University

11:00am-11:15am Coffee and Tea
11:15am-12:45pm Panel 2: Relations between Criminal Groups and States

Chair: Gustavo Flores-Macías, Cornell University

‘We Are the Kind of People that Work Within the State’
The Gangs of Lyari (Karachi): From Dirty Party Work to Public Authority
Laurent Gayer, Sciences Po

Hidden Orders: The Cooperative Logic of Smugglers and Border Agents
Diana Kim, Georgetown University
Yuhki Tajima, Georgetown University

Discussants: Duncan McCargo, Columbia University; Nicholas Rush Smith, City College of New York

12:45pm-2:00pm Lunch break
2:00pm-3:30pm Panel 3: Competition and Cooperation among Criminal Groups

Chair: Laurent Gayer, Sciences Po

Turf War or Truce: Balance of Power, Information Asymmetries, and Bargaining Among Criminal Groups
Sarah Daly, University of Notre Dame

Living in Fear: The Dynamics of Extortion in Mexico’s Drug War
Beatriz Magaloni, Stanford University

Discussants: Jeffrey Fagan, Columbia University; Rodrigo Soares, Columbia University

3:30pm-5:00pm Panel 4: Drivers and Dynamics of Criminal Governance

Chair: Diana Kim, Georgetown University

Gangs and Governance in Russia: The Paradox of Law and Lawlessness
Svetlana Stephenson, London Metropolitan University

State Capacity and the Prevention of Rebel and Criminal Governance: The Centrality of Dispute Resolution Institutions
Ana Arjona, Northwestern University

Discussants: Janice Gallagher, Rutgers University-Newark; Oscar Pocasangre, Columbia University

5:00pm-5:15pm Coffee break
5:15pm-6:15pm Keynote Address

Chair: Eduardo Moncada, Barnard College

Homicidal Ecologies: Reflections on Weak States and the Illicit (in Latin America)
Deborah Yashar, Princeton University

Saturday, February 17, 2018 - Sulzberger Parlor, Barnard Hall
9:00am-10:30am Panel 5: Unpacking Criminal Taxation

Chair: Sarah Daly, University of Notre Dame

The “Union”: Criminal Violence, Money and the Government of Transport in Nigeria
Laurent Fourchard, Sciences Po

Resisting Protection: Resistance and Criminal Rackets in Latin America
Eduardo Moncada, Barnard College

Discussants: Juan Pablo Luna, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; Zachariah Mampilly, Vassar College

10:30am-12:00pm Panel 6: Consequences of Crime and Criminal Governance

Chair: Angelica Duran Martinez, University of Massachusetts-Lowell

Criminal Organizations and the Policymaking Process
Enrique Desmond Arias, Baruch College

The Militarization of Law Enforcement in Latin America
Gustavo Flores-Macías, Cornell University

Discussants: Pablo Piccato, Columbia University; Christopher Sabatini, Columbia University

12:00pm-12:40pm Closing Roundtable and Remarks