Marc Raeff (1923-2008)

Marc Raeff was a renowned Russian historian who was instrumental in the creation and development of Columbia’s Bakhmeteff Archive. Born in Moscow, he lived in Czechoslovakia, Berlin, Paris, and moved to New York in 1941. He earned a Ph.D. from Harvard and taught at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1949 to 1961. Raeff spent the rest of his career at Columbia University, where he was named Bakhmeteff Professor of Russian Studies in 1973; he retired in 1988. He has published hundreds of monographs, translations, articles, and reviews in four languages in a wide range of publications. His research focused on the Russian Empire, with an emphasis on the Russian intelligentsia at home and in diaspora. He contributed significantly to the Slavic and Baltic Division of the New York Public Library.